عنوان مقاله [English]
With the occurrence of the Islamic Revolution and the existence of a conflict in the type of worldview and its ideology with the worldview and ideology propagated in the West, the Iranian economy is in a state called economic war. Then, there is a need to present strategies called economic passive defense. In this study, Emphasizing sanctions as a tool of economic warfare, resistance economics has been considered as an upstream document and standard for developing economic passive defense criteria in accordance with the conditions of Iran's economy. In this study, after interviewing elites and experts in the field of resistance economics and economic passive defense, Components and criteria of economic passive defense model identified as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the areas of deterrence, vulnerability reduction and continuity of activities in the form of SWOT table. Finally, the ANP method is used to analyze and rank the strategies in the form of SWOT-ANP method. Accourding to the results, 15 strengths, 26 weaknesses, 9 opportunity points and 10 threat points were identified. The results showed that among the main criteria, the weakness with a weight of 0.316 is first, the strength is second (0.298), the criterion of opportunity is third (0.237) and the criterion of threat is fourth (0.149). Also among the 4 strategies identified, WO strategy with a weight of 0.4 ranked first, WT strategy ranked second (0.23), SO strategy ranked third (0.209) and ST strategy with a weight of 0.157 ranked fourth.